Question # 13-21: Sunnah and Fard Salat according Hanafi School

Question:

ASSALAMUALIKUM WA RAHAMATULLAHHI WA BARAKATHU. Please tell me according to Imam Abu Hanifa how many rakats sunnah are to be prayed during the day all five times? (FARAZ,SUNNAT & NAFIL). JAZAKALLAH

 Answer:

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad (swa) is His slave and Messenger.

According to the Hanafi School of jurisprudence, the obligatory prayers are five daily prayers and there is no difference of opinion on this among the Muslim nation, as stated by Al-Kaasaanifrom the Hanafi School.

As regards the Sunnah prayers, and the supererogatory prayers [Nawaafil, plural of Nafl] which are performed either before or after the obligatory prayers, then firstly, it should be noted that every Sunnah according to the Hanafi School of jurisprudence, is a supererogatory [Nafl] prayer and not the contrary. The Sunnah is an act which the Prophet used to do, and if he did it on a continuous basis without abandoning it, then this is evidence of a confirmed Sunnah, and if sometimes he did not perform it, then this is evidence that it is not a confirmed Sunnah, and if a religious text states that one is blamed if he did not perform it, then it is evidence that this is an obligatory Sunnah.

The Sunnan (supererogatory) prayers that are performed either before or after the five daily obligatory prayers according to the Hanafi School of jurisprudence are as follows:

2 Rak’ahs before Fajr,

4 Rak’ahs before Thuhr,

4 or 2 Rak’ahs before ‘Asr,

4 Rak’ahs before ‘Ishaa’,

4 or 2 Rak’ahs after ‘Ishaa’.

Similarly, Taraaweeh prayers are a confirmed Sunnah in Ramadhaan and they are performed straight after the ‘Ishaa’ prayer.

prayers that are linked to an obligatory prayer. However, according to the Hanafi School, there are many Nafl prayers [open supererogatory prayers that are not performed before or after the obligatory prayers] but we just mentioned the Nafl Sunnah prayers that are performed either before or after the obligatory prayers according to your request.

Allaah Knows best.

Shk. Mostafa

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